Cold War

The Cold War was a state of tension predominantly between the Soviet Union and the United States that began in the years following World War II and ended with the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. Despite an arms buildup, there was no direct fighting between the two powers, though they both participated in a series of proxy wars around the world.

Explore the topics below to learn more about this period through newspaper articles and clippings.

Buzz Aldrin salutes the U.S flag on the Moon

Apollo 11 Moon Landing

One of the most famous NASA missions, Apollo 11 took mankind to the surface of the moon for the first time. The astronauts who made that first moonwalk—Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin—have been household names ever since. Apollo 11 launched from the Kennedy Space Center on July 16, 1969, using a Saturn V rocket loaded …Read More

Newspaper coverage of the assassination of President John F. Kennedy (Terre Haute Tribune, via

Assassination of John F. Kennedy

Background On November 22, 1963, President John F. Kennedy was assassinated in Dallas, Texas. He was shot twice while riding in a motorcade on the way to give a speech. His alleged killer, Lee Harvey Oswald, was arrested that same day but was shot to death a few days later while in police custody.    …Read More

Berliners watching a C-54 land during Berlin Airlift, 1948

Berlin Airlift

The Western Allies organized the Berlin airlift (26 June 1948–30 September 1949) to carry supplies to the people of West Berlin, a difficult feat given the size of the city’s population. Aircrews from the United States Air Force, the Royal Air Force, the French Air Force, the Royal Canadian Air Force, the Royal Australian Air …Read More

The West Berlin side of the Berlin Wall, 1989

Berlin Wall

The Berlin Wall (German: Berliner Mauer) was a guarded concrete barrier that physically and ideologically divided Berlin from 1961 to 1989. Constructed by the German Democratic Republic (GDR, East Germany), starting on 13 August 1961, the Wall cut off (by land) West Berlin from virtually all of surrounding East Germany and East Berlin until government …Read More